25 Wines to Taste to Become a Wine Expert

Wine Pouring into Glass
Photo: Getty Images

Ask any wine expert what's the best way to learn about wine, and they'll tell you to taste as much as you can. But where to start? And for that matter, where to finish? There are almost 20,000 different wines for sale in the U.S. at any given moment. So even if you're a zillionaire with a ton of spare time, tasting more than a tiny fraction of what's available clearly is not an option. To save you from getting completely overwhelmed, here's a 25-bottle starter guide to wine wisdom.

You'll need a budget of roughly $1,000, which sounds like a lot, but you don't have to buy all of the bottles up front — one a week will suffice. Also, the point here isn't to drown you in technical wine geekery. If you are keen to know the geological origins of Portugal's Douro Valley, Google's your friend. The purpose of this exercise is to leave you with a mental library of tastes that you can refer to anytime you try a new wine.

In fact, maybe the thing to do is to think of this as a game rather than a rigorous course of study — like The Game of Life for wine. Follow the path in order. Each bottle leads to the next. You accumulate experience. But instead of retiring at the end, you wind up with a bunch of wine smarts and the rest of your days ahead of you. Not bad, right?

01 of 22


NV Pol Roger Brut Réserve White Foil
Courtesy of Frederick Wildman and Sons, LTD.

Every journey needs a good send-off, so begin with Champagne. It's the ur–sparkling wine, the one after which all others are modeled. For a benchmark, open the NV Pol Roger Brut Réserve White Foil ($59), a brioche-scented bubbly from one of the last major houses that's still family owned.

02 of 22

California Chardonnay

La Crema Sonoma Coast Chardonnay
Courtesy of La Crema

Chardonnay is the most popular grape variety in the U.S. Familiarize yourself with the classic California style — ripe fruit, spicy oak notes — with a wine like the 2019 La Crema Sonoma Coast Chardonnay ($21).

03 of 22

Burgundy Pinot Noir

Domaine Parent Bourgogne Pinot Noir
Courtesy of Domaine Parent

To set your palate definition for Pinot Noir, go to the source: Burgundy. The 2018 Domaine Parent Bourgogne Pinot Noir ($42) shows how this grape, grown with care in the French region's gently sloping vineyards, can offer intensity but remain light and graceful.

04 of 22

Napa Valley Cabernet

Joseph Phelps Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon
Courtesy of Joseph Phelps Vineyards

Napa Valley Cabernet is California's iconic red wine. Try a standard-bearer like the 2018 Joseph Phelps Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon ($82), full of blackberry and black currant fruit.

05 of 22


Château Sociando-Mallet
Courtesy of Château Sociando-Mallet

Bordeaux is the most famous wine region in the world — don't skip it. Most Bordeaux are blends, anchored by Cabernet or Merlot. And, contrary to the region's image, you don't have to pay a lot for an excellent bottle, like the tobacco-scented 2019 Château Sociando-Mallet ($49). If you taste this and the Phelps at the same time, try the Bordeaux first.

06 of 22

French Chardonnay

Domaine Laroche Chablis Saint Martin
Courtesy of Domaine Laroche

Remember the oak-inflected taste of the La Crema? Now try its opposite: a crisp, lighter-bodied, almost chalky Chardonnay from France, like the 2018 Domaine Laroche Chablis Saint Martin ($32). Same grape, two distinctly different styles.

07 of 22

California Pinot Noir

Dutton Goldfield Dutton Ranch Pinot Noir
Courtesy of Dutton-Goldfield Winery

As a counterpoint to the Pinot from Burgundy, open a more lushly fruity version from the Russian River Valley in Sonoma County, California's premier source for Pinots. Seek out the 2018 Dutton Goldfield Dutton Ranch Pinot Noir ($41), from one of the AVA's best vineyards.

08 of 22


Castellare di Castellina Chianti Classico
MundoVino / The Winebow Group

Time to leave the U.S. and France behind and head to Italy. First stop: Chianti, because you can't say you know Italian wine without having a sense of Chianti's bright, taut character. A quintessential example is the 2019 Castellare di Castellina Chianti Classico ($25).

09 of 22


Marchesi di Barolo Barolo Tradizione
Courtesy of Frederick Wildman and Sons, LTD.

Step up your Italian game with a bottle of Barolo, which is made from the Nebbiolo grape in northern Italy's Piedmont region (and sometimes referred to as "the wine of kings, the king of wines"). The 2016 Marchesi di Barolo Barolo Tradizione ($62) captures the wine's signature floral delicacy as well as its underlying tannic power.

10 of 22


Marqués de Murrieta Reserva Rioja
Courtesy of Marqués de Murrieta

Europe's third great source for reds is Spain, and Rioja is its most celebrated wine area. Go for a reserva from a traditional producer, such as the 2016 Marqués de Murrieta Reserva Rioja ($30). Its hints of vanilla and spice come from being aged in American oak.

11 of 22

Sancerre and New Zealand Sauvignon Blanc

Sauvignon Blanc from New Zealand
Courtesy of Cloudy Bay

France's Sancerre has been a premier location for Sauvignon Blanc since the early 1900s; New Zealand is the new kid on the block. Buy a couple of top bottles to compare: the flinty, citrusy 2019 Domaine Vacheron Sancerre ($46) and the peppery, grassy 2020 Cloudy Bay Sauvignon Blanc ($31). Odds are you'll like one better than the other; use that knowledge as a guide.

12 of 22

Sweet and Dry German Riesling

Dr. Loosen Red Slate Riesling Dry
Courtesy of Loosen Bros

Not all Rieslings are sweet! For a comparison — and to understand why sweeter-style Rieslings can be just as vibrant as dry ones — open two bottles from top German producer Dr. Loosen: the 2019 Dr. Loosen Red Slate Riesling Dry ($14) and the 2019 Dr. Loosen Blue Slate Riesling Kabinett ($21), which has a slight amount of residual sugar.

13 of 22

Rhône Syrah and Australian Shiraz

E. Guigal Crozes-Hermitage Rouge
Courtesy of E. Guigal

Hint for this step: First roast a leg of lamb (you'll want something hearty to go with these wines), then pour a savory, cool-climate northern Rhône Syrah like the 2018 E. Guigal Crozes-Hermitage Rouge ($31) alongside a more luscious, fruity, warm-region Aussie Shiraz, such as the 2016 Hentley Farm Barossa Valley Shiraz ($30). And maybe invite a few friends over, too.

14 of 22


Domaine du Gros Noré Bandol Rosé
Courtesy of Domaine du Gros ‘Noré

All rosés taste alike, right? Light, simple summer sippers, perfect for poolside quaffing? Think again. The rosés of France's Bandol region have the depth and character of great white wines. Open a bottle of the 2019 Domaine du Gros Noré Bandol Rosé ($36) and see for yourself.

15 of 22


Pepper Bridge Walla Walla Valley Merlot
Courtesy of Pepper Bridge Winery

It's been nearly 20 years since the movie Sideways came out, and yet, thanks to it, some people are still locked into the idea that Merlot is ... bad. Or, at the very least, uncool. Dispel this prejudice with a layered, world-class example like the 2017 Pepper Bridge Walla Walla Valley Merlot ($48) from Washington state.

16 of 22

Australian Cabernet

Moss Wood Ribbon Vale Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon
Frances Andrijich

There's more to Australian wine than cheap and cheerful Shiraz — Cabernet Sauvignon from the far western Margaret River area being a case in point. Indulge in a bottle of the graceful, red-fruited 2016 Moss Wood Ribbon Vale Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon ($44) to get a sense of Australia's surprising range.

17 of 22


Bodega Aleanna El Enemigo
MundoVino / The Winebow Group

Argentina's Mendoza region made its name on bargain Malbecs, but there are impressive, age-worthy bottles produced there, too. Invest a little extra on a wine like the rich 2017 Bodega Aleanna El Enemigo ($27) to understand the potential of these vineyards in the Andean foothills.

18 of 22

French Chenin Blanc

French Chenin Blanc
Courtesy of Domaine François Chidaine

Chenin Blanc from France's Loire Valley is a variety that many people aren't familiar with, but its vivid acidity and substantial pear and apple flavors have made it a sommelier darling. Get a sense of why from the racy 2019 François Chidaine Clos du Breuil Montlouis-sur-Loire Sec ($37).

19 of 22

California Mourvèdre

California Mourvèdre
Steve Fisch

California is home to lots of famous wineries, but it also has an abundance of boundary-pushing young winemakers working outside traditional styles. Track down the tongue-prickling, spicy 2020 Donkey & Goat Twinkle Mourvèdre ($36) to experience a different vision of what the state's wines can offer.

20 of 22

Natural Wine

Italian Natural Wine
Courtesy of Agricola Arianna Occhipinti

Natural wine is a flash point for controversy. The term refers to wines made with minimal human intervention (little or no sulfur, no industrial yeasts and so on). Sometimes they're wonderful, sometimes funky, often both. Test out the exotic 2020 Arianna Occhipinti SP68 Bianco ($32) from Sicily.

21 of 22

Aged Wines

Aged Bordeaux

As wine ages, it trades in direct, fruity flavors for more subtle, savory ones. Find a reputable retailer (such as K&L Wines in San Francisco or Millesima in NYC) and splurge on an older red like the cedary 2019 Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste ($108) from Bordeaux.

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Truly Great Wine

Courtesy of Andre Brunel – Domaine les Cailloux

Finally, taste a truly great wine. (You'll overshoot your budget by a little, but what the heck!) What defines great? Nuance, complexity, history — on some level, greatness is indescribable, but it is tasteable. Open the 2016 André Brunel Les Cailloux Cuvée Centenaire Châteauneuf-du-Pape ($207), a spectacular Rhône red from a stellar vintage.

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