There are an estimated 50,000 varieties of peppers grown worldwide that range in size, shape, color and, most importantly, heat level. Before you bite in, it's best to find out where a pepper falls on something called the Scoville scale, which measures peppers based on Scoville Heat Units (SHU). Sweet varieties like bell peppers are at the bottom of the scale because they don't contain a mouth-burning chemical called capsaicin. The mild poblano falls around 1,500 SHU and the face-melting Carolina Reaper clocks in at 1.5 million SHU. If you can't handle the heat, be sure to discard a hot pepper's seeds and white ribs before you cook it-that's where much of the capsaicin hides out. And if the meal is still too hot, keep a glass of milk or a container of yogurt nearby. They both contain casein, which counteracts capsaicin. Whether you're craving sweet or spicy varieties, F&W's guide to peppers offers recipes for every course from around the globe.

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Charred Shishito Peppers with Garlic-Herb Oil

At his sleek Houston bar, chef Justin Yu pairs blistered shishito peppers with bright green, zesty garlic-herb oil, a take on persillade. You’ll want to keep this stuff around—it’s fantastic drizzled on salads or tossed with hot pasta. Slideshow: More Pepper Recipes 


Roasted, grilled or fried--peppers are super versatile and packed with nutrients. Whether you're looking for dinner-worthy stuffed peppers or a simple side dish, these recipes will add color to your table.


From a mustardy habanero hot sauce to grilled corn with mango-habanero butter, here are some exciting recipes featuring habanero chili peppers.


Incorporate some heat in your food with jalapeños. Here, a variet of dishes featuring the spicy chile pepper, from pickled watermelon rind with ginger and jalapeños to pan-roasted halibut with jalapeño vinaigrette.

More Peppers

Chile Recipes

Bring some heat to your cooking with these chile recipes, from a roasted chile guacamole to whole grilled fish with red chiles.

Stuffed Bell Peppers and More

Here, fantastic stuffed bell pepper recipes as well as tips on stuffing all types of peppers like baby bell peppers, sweet Italian frying peppers and jarred piquillo peppers.

5 Chile Dishes You Should Definitely Be Eating

Capsaicin, the active ingredient in chiles, could help prevent intestinal tumors, according to a study out of the University of California, San Diego. Here, five terrific chile dishes to reap the potential benefits.