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These flans (and other egg-thickened custards that are made without flour) benefit from being cooked in a water bath, where they are surrounded by gentle, moist heat. Any small glass, metal or ceramic baking dish can be used to fashion the water bath, as long as it's at least 2 inches deep. For even cooking, it's best if the ramekins fit snugly in the water bath and if the water reaches at least halfway up their sides.Plus: More Appetizer Recipes and Tips

Jacques Pépin
March 2004


Credit: © Keller & Keller

Recipe Summary

25 mins
1 hr 35 mins


Onion Flans
Tomato Sauce


Instructions Checklist
  • Preheat the oven to 325°. Butter four 1/2-cup ramekins and set them in a baking dish that holds them snugly.

  • In a large saucepan, melt the butter. Add the onion and garlic and cook over moderate heat, stirring occasionally, until softened, about 10 minutes. Add the water and bring to a boil. Cover and simmer over moderately low heat until the onion is very tender, about 25 minutes. Uncover and boil over high heat until any excess liquid has evaporated, about 2 minutes.

  • Set a food mill fitted with the fine disk over a medium bowl. Transfer the onion mixture to the mill and puree. Whisk the eggs, cream, salt and pepper into the puree. Pour the onion custard into the prepared ramekins. Add enough tepid water to the baking dish to reach halfway up the sides of the ramekins. Bake the flans for 35 minutes, or until almost firm but still slightly loose in the center; if the water in the baking dish simmers, add a few ice cubes to cool it down.

  • In a medium saucepan, heat the olive oil. Add the onion and garlic and cook over moderate heat, stirring, until fragrant, about 2 minutes. Add the tomatoes, thyme and oregano sprigs and salt and pepper, cover and cook over moderate heat for 10 minutes. Set a food mill fitted with the coarse disk over a medium bowl. Add the tomato sauce and work it through the mill. Transfer the tomato sauce to a small saucepan and keep warm.

  • Remove the ramekins from the water bath and wipe the bottoms and sides dry. Run a small, sharp knife around each flan to loosen it, then invert the flans onto plates. Spoon the tomato sauce around the flans and sprinkle with the chives. Serve right away.

Make Ahead

The flans can be baked early in the day and gently rewarmed in their ramekins before serving.The tomato sauce can be refrigerated for up to 2 days and reheated gently.

Suggested Pairing

A fruity Beaujolais will stand up to the creaminess of the custard as well as the tartness of the tomato sauce.