Gluten-Free Vollkornbrot (German Bread)


Hearty, chewy, and nutritious, groats are minimally processed whole grains; here, they're used to add heft and crunch to Ava Celik's gluten-free, whole-grain German bread. Gently sweetened with molasses, this dense German bread gets a boost of flavor from a mix of toasted sunflower, flax, pumpkin, and sesame seeds. It's so flavorful you don't really need to top it with anything. (But if you want to, it's great with marmalade.) "I love to toast it, though all seeds are already toasted to maximize flavors," Celik says. "It provides you with lots of energy to get you through the day. One slice is super packed with proteins, and it's a great snack if you're doing lots of sports, like me!"

Gluten-Free Vollkornbrot Loaf
Photo: Photo by Victor Protasio / Food Styling by Torie Cox / Prop Styling by Lydia Pursell
Active Time:
25 mins
Total Time:
20 hrs 5 mins
Makes 1 (8 1/2-Inch) Loaf


Oat Groat Soak

  • cup boiling water

  • cup oat groats

Seed-And-Groat Mix

  • cup hulled buckwheat groats

  • ¼ cup flax seeds

  • ¼ cup raw pepitas

  • ¼ cup white sesame seeds

  • ¼ cup raw sunflower seed kernels

  • ¾ cup room-temperature water (75°F to 80°F)


  • .50 cup room-temperature water (75°F to 80°F)

  • 3 tablespoons Gluten-Free Starter (about 2 ounces)

  • cup white rice flour (such as Bob's Red Mill) (about 2 1/2 ounces)

  • 1 tablespoon teff flour (such as Bob's Red Mill) (about 1/4 ounces)


  • cup white rice flour (about 2 1/2 ounces)

  • cup teff flour (about 1 5/8 ounces)

  • cup room-temperature water (75°F to 80°F)

  • ¼ cup whole-grain buckwheat flour (such as Bob's Red Mill) (about 1 1/8 ounces)

  • 2 tablespoons unsulfured molasses

  • 2 ¼ teaspoons fine sea salt

Additional Ingredients

  • Cooking spray

  • ¼ cup mixed buckwheat groats and seeds (such as flax seeds, pepitas, white sesame seeds, and sunflower seeds)

  • Orange marmalade (optional)


Make the oat groat soak:

  1. Stir together 1/3 cup boiling water and oat groats in a small heatproof bowl. Cover and let stand at room temperature until water is absorbed and groats are softened slightly, 12 to 16 hours.

Meanwhile, make the seed-and-groat mix:

  1. Combine buckwheat groats, flax seeds, pepitas, sesame seeds, and sun- flower seed kernels in a large nonstick skillet. Cook over medium, shaking skillet often, until groats and seeds are toasted and fragrant, 5 to 7 minutes. Transfer mixture to a medium bowl; let cool 10 minutes. Stir in 3/4 cup room-temperature water. Cover and let stand at room temperature until water is absorbed and seeds are softened slightly, 12 to 16 hours.

Meanwhile, make the levain:

  1. Stir together 1/2 cup room-temperature water and gluten-free starter in a small bowl until starter is mostly dissolved. Add white rice flour and teff flour; stir until smooth. Cover and let stand at room temperature until risen slightly and cracked on top, 12 to 16 hours.

  2. Make the dough: Stir together levain, white rice flour, teff flour, 1/3 cup room-temperature water, buckwheat flour,and molasses in a large bowl until dry ingredients are well combined. Cover with a clean towel, and let stand at room temperature 10 minutes.

  3. Sprinkle dough with salt. Grab a portion of dough along the side of the bowl, and bring it toward the center. (Dough will feel like wet sand.) Continue this motion for 1 minute, rotating bowl 90 degrees after each fold. Cover and let rest 2 minutes. Repeat folding process for 1 minute. Set aside. Pour oat groat soak through a fine wire-mesh strainer into a sink to drain any water that wasn't absorbed. Add drained oat groat soak and seed-and-groat mix to dough in bowl. Mix using your hands until seeds and groats are evenly incorporated.

  4. Coat an 8 1/2- x 4 1/2-inch loaf pan with cooking spray. Line pan with parchment paper, leaving a 1-inch overhang on long sides of pan. Lightly coat parchment paper with cooking spray. Pour dough mixture into prepared pan, and smooth top. Sprinkle evenly with mixed buckwheat groats and seeds. Let stand, uncovered, at room temperature until dough rises to top of pan, 4 to 5 hours. During final 30 minutes of proofing time, preheat oven to 350°F.

  5. Bake loaf in preheated oven until set and internal temperature registers 205°F, 1 hour and 20 minutes to 1 hour and 30 minutes, tenting with aluminum foil after 55 minutes if needed to prevent overbrowning. Remove from oven. Let loaf cool in pan 10 minutes. Remove loaf from pan using parchment overhang as handles. Transfer to a wire rack, and let cool completely, about 2 hours. If desired, serve with orange marmalade.


Find oat and buckwheat groats at Find teff flour at

Get the Gluten-Free Sourdough Starter recipe here.

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