You could absolutely do this recipe with oxtails. However, please note that what you see in the picture are not oxtails. They are English cut short ribs as specified in the recipe.
This picture doesn’t match your recipe. It’s featuring oxtails and the red chilli is not part of the recipe. Very disappointing.
I clicked on this recipe because the photograph is of oxtails, only to discover the recipe calls for short ribs -- what gives, Food & Wine?
Not bad! This dish is a weird combination of Asian and Mediterranean flavors, but it came out pretty tasty. I added shiitake mushrooms and threw in some soy sauce since I thought it was a bit lacking in salt. Personally, I would make it again with beef chuck instead of short ribs, (which taste great but are awkward to eat in a stew), add some chili peppers for heat, and use rice wine for lemon juice, but it's fine if you keep it as is.