How to Make It
In a small saucepan, combine the olive oil, garlic cloves, lemon zest strip, dried chiles and bay leaf and bring to a simmer. Reduce the heat to moderately low and cook, stirring occasionally, until the garlic is very soft, about 35 minutes. Strain the oil into a measuring cup and let cool. Discard the lemon zest, chiles and bay leaf and reserve the garlic.
Spoon 1 tablespoon of the garlic oil onto a plate. Add the anchovies, crushed red pepper and grated lemon zest and toss.
In a large bowl, toss the Broccolini with 1/2 cup of the garlic oil. Season with salt. Heat a large, deep skillet. Add half of the Broccolini and cook over high heat, without stirring, until browned in spots, about 2 minutes. Turn and cook for 2 to 3 minutes, or until the Broccolini is just tender. Transfer to a platter and repeat with the remaining Broccolini.
Scatter the confitted garlic and anchovies over the Broccolini and serve.