How to Make It
Roast the peppers directly over a gas flame or under the broiler until charred all over; transfer to a rimmed baking sheet and let cool. Discard the skin, stems and seeds; cut the peppers into 1-inch-wide strips.
In a bowl, stir the olives, anchovies, capers, rosemary, vinegar and the 2 tablespoons of olive oil. Fold in the roasted-pepper strips.
Light a grill. Grill the bread over high heat until lightly charred and crisp, 30 seconds per side. Lightly rub each bread slice with the garlic clove and drizzle with olive oil.
Arrange the goat cheese rounds on a large plate and pile the grilled bread alongside. Serve with the anchovy-and-pepper salad.