Delivery and carryout services will be the only options in multiple states for weeks to come.
Updated as of Monday, March 23 at 12:30 p.m. ET.
The information in this article reflects that of the publishing time above. However, as statistics and information regarding coronavirus rapidly change, some figures may be different since this story was originally posted. For the latest on COVID-19, readers are encouraged to use online resources from CDC, WHO, and local public health departments, and our guide on how to eat and drink during the pandemic.
As city, state, and federal officials continue to monitor and react to the COVID-19—or coronavirus—pandemic, governments are taking a variety of actions including limiting group events, closing schools, and suspending non-essential operations. On Sunday, multiple state governments announced closures of restaurants, bars, breweries, and other businesses. The CDC also released a recommendation for avoiding or canceling any gathering of 50 or more people in an effort to limit the spread of the virus.
Some national chain restaurants have taken action on their own, including Starbucks, McDonald's, Taco Bell, Shake Shack, Dunkin' and others which have all announced they will be suspending in-store seating, converting all company-owned stores to carryout, drive-thru, and delivery hubs only. Starbucks, which was one of the first to enact such a policy, also committed to temporarily closing stores in places like shopping malls and college campuses where large groups of people gather.
Some chefs and restaurateurs have made similar efforts of their own volition, including José Andrés, David Chang, and Danny Meyer, who closed all or most of their respective U.S. restaurants before statewide measures had been put into place.
Here are the states that have closed restaurants and bars due to coronavirus so far:
Gov. Gavin Newsom initially announced the closure of bars, wineries, breweries, and nightclubs indefinitely, and called for restaurants to operate at 50-percent capacity in accordance with social distancing practices. On Monday, March 16, Newsom issued a "guidance" that restaurants close, however, an official mandate had not been put into place. But on as of Friday, March 20, Newsom announced the state was issuing a "stay in place" order, asking all non-essential businesses to close or operate remotely (restaurants are considered "essential"). Both the city of Los Angeles and the greater Bay Area had also instituted dine-in restaurant closures in those regions.
Gov. Jared Polis announced the closure of all dine-in service at bars and restaurants effective Monday, March 16 for 30 days.
Gov. Ned Lamont, in conjunction with the governors of New York and New Jersey, announced the closure of bars and restaurants and banned all gatherings of 50 or more people effective Monday, March 16 and 8 p.m. ET until further notice. Takeout and delivery operations may continue.
District of Columbia
Mayor Muriel Bowser ordered bars and restaurants to close for dine-in service effective Monday, March 16 at 10 p.m. ET, with delivery and carryout still allowed. The move came just a day after an initial restriction was placed requiring dining rooms to seat parties of no more than six persons and place tables at least six feet apart. Bar seating and serving standing customers had also been banned as of Sunday.
Gov. Ron DeSantis declared all restaurants and dining areas closed until the state's state of emergency is declared over.
Gov. David Ige closed bars and restaurants to dine-in customers effective Friday, March 20.
Gov. J.B. Pritzker called for a temporary cessation of dine-in service at restaurants and bars from Tuesday, March 17 through Monday, March 30. Delivery, drive-thru, carryout, and curbside pickup services would still be allowed for businesses to remain open.
Gov. Eric Holcomb closed bars and restaurants to in-person dining through the end of March.
Gov. Kim Reynolds ordered bars to close and restaurants to end dine-in service, allowing for takeout and delivery only beginning Tuesday, March 17 at noon and through Tuesday, March 31.
Gov. Andy Beshear ordered restaurants and bars close the evening of Monday, March 15 and offer takeout or delivery only.
Gov. John Edwards instituted a closure of bars and banned dine-in service at restaurants effective at 12:00 a.m. Tuesday, March 17 through Monday, April 13. Delivery, drive-thru, and carryout will still be allowed.
Gov. Janet Mills closed bars and restaurants to dine-in service as of Wednesday, March 18 and continuing through Tuesday, March 31.
Gov. Larry Hogan closed bars and restaurants indefinitely effective at 5 p.m. ET on Monday, March 16. Delivery and carryout services are unaffected.
Gov. Charlie Baker placed a ban on dining in bars and restaurants in the state through Monday, April 6. Delivery, drive-thru, carryout, and curbside service would still be allowed.
Gov. Gretchen Whitmer ordered restaurants and bars to end dine-in service effective Monday, March 16 at 3 p.m. local time through Monday, March 30.
Gov. Time Walz ordered bars and restaurants close to dine-in customers at 5 p.m. on Monday, March 16 and effective through Friday, March 27 when the situation will be reassessed.
Gov. Steve Sisilak closed all bars and restaurants to dine-in service for 30 days effective at noon local time on Wednesday, March 18. Previously, some buffets had closed and MGM had shuttered all of its properties as a precaution.
Gov. Chris Sununu ordered restaurants and bars close or move to take-out service effective Monday, March 16 through Tuesday, April 7.
Gov. Phil Murphy joined the governors of Connecticut and New York in the announced the closure of bars and restaurants and banned all gatherings of 50 or more people effective Monday, March 16 and 8 p.m. ET until further notice. Takeout and delivery operations may continue.
Gov. Lujan Grisham ordered bars and restaurants to offer takeout and delivery only effective Thursday, March 19 through Friday, April 10.
Gov. Andrew Cuomo led a call with the governors of Connecticut and New Jersey to close bars and restaurants and ban all gatherings of 50 or more people effective Monday, March 16 and 8 p.m. ET until further notice. Takeout and delivery operations may continue. As of Friday, March 20, Gov. Cuomo put a "pause" on all non-essential businesses statewide beginning Sunday, March 22—restaurants and any other food delivery services are considered "essential."
Gov. Roy Cooper announced the indefinite closure of all bars and restaurants to dine-in patrons effective 5 p.m. ET on Tuesday, March 17.
Gov. Mike DeWine closed all bars and restaurants in the state through Monday, March 30, effective Sunday, March 15 at 9 p.m. local time, with delivery and takeout services still allowed.
Gov. Kate Brown closed bars and dining rooms beginning March 17 for one month.
Gov. Tom Wolf put closures into effect in five counties—Allegheny, Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery—beginning Monday, March 16 at 12:01 a.m. for two weeks.
Gov. Wanda Vázquez ordered restaurants and bars close to dine-in service from Monday, March 15 through Monday, March 30 and put a 9 p.m. into effect across the island.
Gov. Gina Raimondo declared restaurants and bars would be closed to dine-in service for two weeks from Tuesday, March 17 through Monday, March 30. Delivery and carryout services may continue.
Gov. Henry McMaster ordered all bars and restaurants to close to dine-in customers beginning on Wednesday, March 17.
Gov. Greg Abbott announced on Thursday, March 19 that restaurants and bars would need to close to dine-in service beginning and midnight and effective through Friday, April 3.
Gov. Gary Herbert ordered restaurants and bars switch to takeout or delivery service for at least two weeks beginning Tuesday, March 17.
Gov. Phil Scott ordered all bars and restaurants to end dine-in service indefinitely beginning Tuesday, March 17 at 2 p.m.
Gov. Jay Inslee announced Sunday he would sign an emergency declaration suspending dine-in service at restaurants and bars on Monday, March 16 and effective through Tuesday, March 31. Takeout and delivery services are still allowed to continue.
Some cities have taken their own actions as well:
Prior to the statewide shutdown, New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio announced on Sunday night that he intended to suspend service at bars and restaurants in the city indefinitely starting Tuesday, March 17, after initially limiting them to 50-percent capacity, despite many social media posts showing crowded bars and brunch spots over the weekend. Washington, D.C. also has previously instituted a ban on bar seating and service to standing customers, with a maximum of six persons per seated table and a minimum of six feet between tables. The city of Hoboken, New Jersey instituted its own 10 p.m. to 5 a.m. curfew and asked restaurants to transition to delivery and takeout. Other cities, including Atlanta, Dallas, Los Angeles, Miami, and Milwaukee have instituted their own closures.
In the last week, entire countries, including Italy and Spain, have gone on lockdown and shuttered all nonessential businesses as the number of infected persons in each nation has continued to grow.
This article will be updated as more information becomes available.