By Mike Pomranz
Updated January 05, 2015
Fried Eggs with Mustard Seed Oil and Kale
Credit: Line Klein

Your love of yolks may soon start to put a dent in your bank account. A California law that was passed in 2008, but finally took effect on the first of this year, is predicted to cause egg prices to rise not only in the Golden State but nationwide as well.

Back in 2008, California voters approved a law requiring egg-laying hens to have more space in their cages. In 2010, a companion piece to the law was added, requiring producers from out of state that sold eggs in California to adhere to the law as well. Despite repeated court challenges, the law took effect on Jan. 1; now, many farmers will have to keep fewer chickens in each pen, lowering the number of eggs that can be produced.

California is the country’s top consumer of eggs, importing about a third of its supply from outside its own borders, but the law is expected to have a nationwide impact. According to the Associated Press, “Daniel Sumner, an agricultural economist at the University of California, Davis, said prices initially could rise sharply this year, but he expected them to eventually settle 10 to 40 percent higher in California and return to their normal prices elsewhere in the country.” According to NPR, California is already feeling the pinch: Ronald Fong, the president and CEO of the California Grocers Association, was quoted as saying, “We can confirm that egg prices have gone up at least 35 percent. Some have reported going up 70 percent.”

These new regulations come as demand for eggs is up in general. But so is advocacy asking for better conditions for chickens. A number of major companies, including Starbucks, Burger King and Whole Foods, have recently pledged to stop selling eggs from caged hens. It’s that old question of which came first, the happier chicken or the more expensive egg?

[h/t Eater]