After years of devotion to oaky Chardonnay, American wine drinkers have had enough of these big, lush, buttery whites and are moving toward newer, leaner, fresher styles modeled on Chablis. F&W's Ray Isle finds the best.

Why Is There an Oak Backlash?

Oak—like wine itself—is a fine thing in moderation. However, many Chardonnays produced in recent years have tasted more like vanilla-saturated wooden planks than like wine, thanks to a fad for aging white wines in nothing but new oak barrels. New oak—as opposed to barrels that have been used for three or four vintages and are considered "neutral"—tends to impart vanilla, caramel, nut and spice notes. New oak, used with restraint (often in conjunction with older barrels or stainless steel tanks), can deftly enhance a wine's overall character. But used in excess, it can make a wine taste like wood chips, sawdust and vanilla extract.

Best of the New Chardonnays

2008 Brampton Unoaked ($11)

Brampton, a second label from top South African producer Rustenberg, takes its name from the estate's Jersey bull, Brampton Beacon Bloomer. Despite those stolid origins, this Chardonnay is delicate and fragrant.

2008 Cousiño-Macul ($11)

This bright, appley Chilean Chardonnay goes from vine to stainless steel tank to bottle without ever touching even a scrap of oak.

2007 Monjardín El Cerezo Unoaked ($12)

Spain's Navarra is known for red wines, not Chardonnay, but this is a great example of the unoaked style: citrusy and vivid, with a light prickle to its texture.

2007 Babich Hawke’s Bay Unoaked ($13)

New Zealand's Hawke's Bay is a source for ripe Chardonnays, many of which—like this melon-inflected wine—are made in an unoaked style.

2007 Le Drunk Rooster ($14)

While this earthy, flavorful white may have a silly name, it's a serious Chardonnay for the money. It's produced by a family-owned winery located in Southern France.

2007 Clos LaChance Glittering-Throated Emerald ($15)

The warm climate of California's Central Coast gives this unoaked bottling (named after a type of hummingbird) tropical-fruit flavors like ripe mango.

2008 Grant Burge Benchmark ($15)

Australian winemaker Grant Burge is famous for his intense Shirazes. But this Chardonnay, with its juicy, lemon-curd character, shows that he knows his way around whites, too.

2008 Kim Crawford Unoaked ($17)

Kim Crawford was one of the first wineries in New Zealand to proclaim its Chardonnay as unoaked; it is now on the 12th vintage of this clean, crisp, minerally white, which is made with grapes from the Hawke's Bay and Gisborne regions.

2006 Louis Latour Le Chardonnay de Chardonnay ($17)

One of Burgundy's most legendary producers, Latour is renowned for its wonderful (and expensive) grand cru Corton-Charlemagne. This new Latour bottling, so named because the grapes come from the village of Chardonnay, is creamy but very focused.

2007 Domaine Chandon Unoaked ($19)

This Napa Valley sparkling-wine producer also makes a number of good bottlings sans bubbles, among them this robust apple- and pear-inflected Chardonnay.

2007 Domaine Thibert Père et Fils Mâcon-Prissé ($20)

A brother-and-sister team run this Mâcon estate, producing absurdly good wines for the money. This earthy bottling tastes like good Meursault, though without the oak and at a fraction of the price.

Wine Picks & Tips:

Go-To Chardonnay Zones
Five Terrific Chablis
Pan-Glazed Salmon with Oyster Sauce and Basil
Credit: © Kana Okada