Whether you’re new to kneading or ready to mill your own flour, here’s the gear you need to bake your best loaf of bread yet.

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Baking bread is relatively simple: Mix flour, water, yeast, and salt together, proof it, pop it in the oven, and — voilà! — bread. But as with many culinary pursuits, having the right tools can make even the simplest-seeming a bit easier to accomplish with near-professional results. Baking, whether it's bread or pastries, is as much a science as it is an art.

Sure, a lot of the craft is trial and error and getting a feel for how the dough should look, act, and feel throughout the bread-making process. But equally as important are precise measurements, proper ingredients, and practical tools. Here are Food & Wine Assistant Food Editor Kelsey Youngman's picks for everything home baker can use to bake their best bread.


Here's where that science aspect comes into play. First, measuring your flour, water, and starter in grams or ounces will greatly improve your accuracy and consistency. And speaking of consistency, when you're portioning dough into smaller loaves or rolls, a scale is essential for creating identical batches.

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Food scale
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OXO Good Grips Stainless Steel Food Scale with Pull-Out Display — $70 at amazon.com

Bench scraper/Bowl scraper

Not only does a bench scraper keep your countertop clean, but it's also the ideal tool for lifting and folding sticky dough from the work surface as well as cutting dough down into portions. A flexible bench and bowl combination can do double duty by also helping get every scrap of dough out of the mixing bowl.

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Stainless steel scraper and chopper
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OXO Good Grips Multi-purpose Stainless Steel Scraper & Chopper — $10 at amazon.com

Ateco Bowl Scraper, Set of 2 — $5 at amazon.com

Mixing Bowls/Containers

Sure, any bowl can work mixing up ingredients, but for dough that expands in size and can be finicky about when it's proofed long enough, a clear, graduated container can help you keep an eye on things.

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Credit: Amazon

Cambro Camsquare Food Container, 6-Quart, Polycarbonate, Clear — $17 at amazon.com

mixing bowls
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Cuisinart Stainless Steel Mixing Bowls with Lids, Set of 3 — $35 at amazon.com

Oven Thermometer

A good idea to have in your oven no matter what because ovens can vary a reliable and accurate oven thermometer will tell you the exact temperature inside despite what the knob or display says it is.

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Taylor TruTemp Oven Dial Cooking Thermometer
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Taylor Classic Series Large Dial Oven Thermometer — $9 at amazon.com

Cooling Rack

Once your piping hot loaves come out of the oven, you'll need a place to put them will good circulation so they cool down as soon as possible (so you can eat them!).

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Cooling rack
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CIA Masters Collection 12-Inch by 17-Inch Wire Cooling Rack — $19 at amazon.com

Loaf Pan

Especially if you're planning to make sandwich bread, a loaf pan is the vessel of choice for uniformly rectangular bread. If you're opting for a no-knead method, then you'll want to consider a cast iron loaf pan which can be properly heated up in the oven before placing the dough inside.

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Loaf pans
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Lodge Loaf Pan — $20 at target.com

USA Pan Aluminized Steel Medium Loaf Pan — $15 at amazon.com

Proofing Basket

A basket designed for bread helps keep your bread's shape during that final proof and promotes a higher rise.

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Sourdough basket set
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Fotemix 10-Inch Bread Proofing Basket Starter Kit — $13 at amazon.com

Kitchen Thermometer

Ensure your bread's doneness inside, and also double-check the water temperature for the yeast to do its job in the fermentation process.

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Thermapen Mk4 — $99 at thermoworks.com


If you're looking for sourdough but don't have your own starter, consider sourcing some from a local bakery or online. Read more about acquiring some sourdough starter here.

Serrated bread knife

You just put all that work into a crusty, fluffy loaf. Don't ruin it by squishing it with an improper slicing knife. For the truly committed, with a specialty bread knife. Otherwise, any knife with larger serration will do the job.

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Serrated bread knife
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Victorinox Fibrox Pro Serrated Bread Knife, 10-inch — $57 at surlatable.com

Freshly-milled flour

If you're putting in the effort to bake your own bread, you might as well go all out with the best possible ingredients, and since flour plays the biggest role in any bread recipe using freshly milled flours (and mixing different varieties of them) will make your bread taste even better than the typical store-bought stuff. If you're really a "from scratch" baker, you can even buy a mill and try making your own flour.

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flour mill
Credit: Amazon

NutriMill Classic High-Speed Grain/Flour Mill, $249 at amazon.com

Bluebird Grain Farms (price varies)

Farmer Ground Flour (available regionally)

Baking Steel

A baking steel or stone turns your oven rack into a flat surface with even heat, basically as close to a professional bread baking oven as you can get at home.

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baking steel
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Dough-Joe Pizza Steel Baking Sheet, $76 at amazon.com


For safely sliding in and pulling out loaves from your screaming hot oven, a wooden peel is an ideal tool to get the job done without compromising the integrity of your perfectly proofed loaves.

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pizza peel
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Kitchen Supply 14-inch x 16-Inch Aluminum Pizza Peel with Foldable Wood Handle, $34 at amazon.com


In a pinch, kitchen shears or a straight razor will do the trick, but the pros use a lame to accurately and quickly slice the top of their formed dough to release steam, add texture, and allow room for expansion as the bread bakes.

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bread lame
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Mure & Peyrot Bread Lame — $28 at amazon.com

Professional Stand Mixer

Take the grunt work out of mixing and kneading with a professional-grade mixer. KitchenAid's ProLine stand mixers have metal gears (as opposed to nylon in other models) as well as a larger-capacity bowl so it can really stand up to big batches of dough.

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KitchenAid 6-Quart Bowl-Lift Professional Stand Mixer
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KitchenAid 7-Quart Pro Line Stand Mixer — $279 at target.com

Dutch Oven

The key to perfectly crusty boules is heat and moisture management, for which most home ovens aren't ideal. Preheating a cast iron dutch oven to enclose your loaf for baking is a simple and foolproof way to create the perfect baking environment.

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le creuset oval oven
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Le Creuset Round Dutch Oven 7 1/4 quart, $400 at lecreuset.com

Starter Container

Maintaining a starter is sort of like caring for a new pet, and yes, they'll even need their own little house to live in. Any sealed container or crock can work, but consider a wide-mouth jar for easy feeding, ventilating (just place the top on loosely), and washing. I use two jars: one primary container for the refrigerator and the second for making levain and to transfer the starter into while I wash the first. (While flip-top mason jars may look prettier, they can be a pain to clean and pour from!)

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starter container
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Le Parfait Familia Wiss Terrine, $15 at amazon.com

Bowl Covers

Keep dough cozy while proofing with decorative, washable, and reusable bowl covers.

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bowl cover
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Dot & Army Bowl Cover extra large Bowl Cover, $18 at dotandarmy.com