Roasted Fresh Chile Salsa (Salsa de Chile Fresco Asado)
You can think of this salsa as a not-too-smooth, fresh version of your typical rusty-orange hot sauce--fresh chiles replace dried ones, fresh lime juice replaces vinegar. The roastiness of the fresh chiles adds sweet richness, plus a powerhouse of heat should you choose a chile like cayenne or habanero. The not-too-hot jalapeno is a good chile to start with, as you're getting to know this approach to salsa; its natural, juicy sweetness makes a salsa that's well rounded and utterly delicious--a favorite of market stall cooks in Guadalajara. In its pure simplicity (no additions, no riffs), this salsa is one of Rick Bayless's favorites, too.
Slideshow: More Great Salsa Recipes