- One 3-pound chicken, neck reserved
- 3 1/2 quarts water
- 1 medium unpeeled onion, quartered
- 2 carrots, scrubbed and cut into 2-inch pieces
- 2 celery ribs, cut into 2-inch pieces
- 1 large unpeeled garlic clove, smashed
- 1 teaspoon whole black peppercorns
- 1 large fresh bay leaf
- 6 parsley sprigs
- 2 thyme sprigs
- Kosher salt
- 8 ounces thick udon noodles
- 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
- 1/2 pound shiitake mushrooms, thinly sliced
- 1/4 cup finely julienned peeled ginger
- One 12-ounce block firm silken tofu, cut into 1/2-inch cubes
- 1 cup kimchi, thinly sliced
- 2 tablespoons Asian fish sauce
- 1 teaspoon Asian sesame oil
In a stockpot, combine the chicken and neck with the water, onion, carrots, celery, garlic, peppercorns, bay leaf, parsley springs and thyme sprigs and bring to a boil. Cover partially and simmer over low heat for 30 minutes. Transfer the chicken to a plate. Discard the skin. Pull the meat off the bones, cut it into 1/2-inch pieces and refrigerate.
Return the bones to the pot, partially cover and simmer for 1 hour, until the broth is richly flavored. Strain the broth into a clean heat proof bowl and rinse out the pot. Return the broth to the pot and boil over moderate heat until reduced to 8 cups, about 30 minutes. Season with salt.
In a medium saucepan of boiling salted water, cook the udon until al dente. Drain and cool under running water. Drain again.
In a large skillet, heat the vegetable oil. Add the mushrooms and cook over high heat, stirring, until golden, about 7 minutes. Scrape the mushrooms into the stockpot and add the udon, ginger, tofu, kimchi, fish sauce and sesame oil. Season with salt and simmer for 5 minutes. Add the chicken and simmer until just heated through. Ladle into bowls and serve.