The Paleo diet fad may be slowly going the way of many of the species from the era its named after (actually, technically, it’s going much more quickly than that), but Paleo diet fanatics looking to hold on to their ancient dieting proclivity may want to consider adding a new meat into their meals: human flesh.
According to the New York Post, recently published research from the University of Tubignen in Germany has shown that Neanderthals – our biological cousins who sadly didn’t make it out of the Paleolithic Era alive – were happy to chow down on each other when the need (or maybe even the desire) arose. The paper describes Neanderthal remains found in France and the Iberian Peninsula that not only show cut marks, but also evidence that the bones were crushed to extract the marrow – perhaps demonstrating Neanderthals desire to take their cannibalism to new gastronomical heights?
“These indications allow us to assume that the Neanderthals practiced cannibalism,” said lead researcher Herve Bocherns. “The many remains of horses and reindeer found in Goyet were processed the same way.” The bones, dated from around 40,500 – 45,500 years ago, are described in the study’s abstract as being “the first unambiguous evidence of Neanderthal cannibalism in Northern Europe.”
But before you say, “Well, of course those Neanderthal Neanderthals were cannibals, but I doubt homo sapiens would ever sink that low,” the Post included an important reminder. A 2009 study showed that eating Neanderthals wasn’t just an interspecies problem. Modern humans liked to dine on Neanderthals as well. “Neanderthals met a violent end at our hands, and in some cases we ate them,” anthropologist Fernando Rozzi told TIME at the time.
Man, sometimes it’s like “Is everyone a cannibal but me?!”