Museum of Contemporary Art Australia
Tucked down along the waterfront of the Rocks district, this hip modern museum has a strong Aussie bent. Although the permanent collection includes pieces from contemporary A-listers (Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Keith Haring, and Joseph Beuys among them), the Aboriginal exhibits give the better-known works a run for their money. The Maningrida collection, from the Northern Territory Aboriginal community of the same name, is particularly powerful and includes some superb examples of traditional bark painting, wood carvings, sculpture, and woven-fiber art.
Tip: Stop in for a post-gallery bite at Sailors Thai, where you dine at a communal table in a former Sailors’ Home (106 George St.; 61-2-9251-2466).