Part of the University of Chicago, the Oriental Institute is both a research organization and a museum dedicated to the ancient Near East. Founded in 1919, the Hyde Park museum showcases everything from art to archaeology with permanent galleries devoted to specific ancient civilizations, including Egypt, Nubia, Persia, and Mesopotamia. The exhibits are organized thematically rather than chronologically and feature such highlights as a 17-foot tall statue of King Tut, a Roman-era mummy of a five-year-old boy, and a 16-foot-tall sculpture of a human-headed winged bull from Khorsabad. A temporary gallery hosts two special exhibits each year.
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